Paul has developed models for devising and producing energy/ GHG projections for Ireland and all 3 UK Devolved Administrations.
For the UK work, this required gathering information from a variety of sources – DUKES, National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (NAEI), DTI/ BERR, bespoke Industrial Energy databases and other sources/ publications – and building a picture of the Regional Energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Repeat studies, using the same protocol, allows one to track change over time.
For a full GHG emission figure to complete the picture, one included:
- non-energy CO2 emissions (process emissions and land use change);
- methane – with its higher potency factor of x 21 times that of CO2 per tonne of emissions (typically 5-10% of the basket, from agriculture, landfill, expired coal-beds and others);
- nitrous oxide – with a potency of 310, predominantly from agriculture. Although small volumes, its contribution to the basket can be significant;
- HFC, PFC and SF6 (again small volumes, but very high potency; SF6 being nearly 24,000 times more potent than CO2)