Between 2000 and 2008, Paul

  • Provided technical input into several of the original UK CCA negotiations, including Sector target setting.
  • Contributed to the development of the DEFRA audit templates for verifying Sector Associations and Sites/ Target Units.
  • Audited 80 sites and 25 UK Sector bodies, including:
    • “Heavy” energy-intense sectors: Steel, Aluminium, Non-Ferrous Metals, Cement, Glass, Ceramics, Foundries, Lime and Slag dryers/ grinders,
    • Many low temperature “processing” industries, in CCA because of their IPPC reporting requirements, including: engineering, textiles, gypsum/ plasterboard, forgers and metal packers, food & drink (farms, dairies, meat processers and other food/ confectionary manufacturers), plus supermarkets.
    • Some of the more recent “Energy-intense” sectors, such as air-separators or heat-treatment operators.
  • Advised on the overlap issues between EU ETS and ongoing CCA, when EU ETS was first introduced into UK in 2005.

The Sector Association audit reviewed the and bottom up data gathering top-down reporting processes, to confirm these were built-up and reported correctly and the “headline” data being provided to DEFRA was robust and auditable.

Site (or Target Unit) audits typically covered:

(i)   Site/ Target Unit’s CCA reporting mechanisms,
(ii)  Robustness of data collection and handling;
(iii) Process eligibility/ technical linkage,
(iv) Review/ comment on output/ product mix algorithms,
(v) Review of Energy management systems and EE investment.

Findings were reported to DEFRA/HMRC to give confidence that outputs were based on auditable data, and to identify poor (and occasional fraudulent) submissions.

More recently, Paul has provided direct CCA support to industry, such as:

  • A large, multi-site organisation making a disparate product mix – powders, liquids, tablets, etc. For this, we needed to develop a meaningful measure of activity that was consistent, auditable and acceptable to the CCA administrators. Presentation was all-important. The algorithm was accepted and this turned a potential liability into an asset.
  • A food & drink company, currently only partially within CCA, to become fully CCA covered.

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